Beijing- based mining equipment seller Bitmain is on track to do potentially $10bn in revenue by the end of 2018. For reference, Salesforce in 2017 made $8.4bn in revenue.
We have learned that Bitmain’s Q1 revenue in 2018 was approximately $2bn. Despite seeing a slump of bitcoin prices since the beginning of the year, there is a likely chance that Bitmain will become the first company to achieve $10 bn in revenue should the cryptocurrency market picks up in the 2nd half of the year. Nvidia, a company based out of California that also makes computer chips, made $9.7bn in fiscal year 2018 (calendar year 2017). The company made $3.21bn in Q1 fiscal year 2019 (Feb -April 2018), and historical revenue figures show a general seasonal uptrend in revenue from Q1 through Q4.
Bitmain is looking to IPO in the range between $40–50bn per our sources. Bitmain’s revenue in 2017 was $2.5bn. And 2016 revenue was approximately ~$300mn. When contacted for this story, Bitmain said that it has no comments. Several of other Bitmain’s competitors have also filed for IPO since the beginning of 2018 but most of them are significantly smaller in size. For example, Hong Kong- based company Canaan Creative filed for IPO in May, and the latest was that it was aiming for $1bn to $2bn in fundraising with 2017 revenue of USD $204 million. A Brief Overview of Bitmain
Bitmain is a company started by Jihan Wu and Micree Zhang in 2013 and the company is currently headquartered in Beijing. The company is the world’s dominant producer of cryptocurrency mining chips, the ASICs, which stands for application specific integrated circuit.
Cryptocurrency mining is the process of checking and adding new transactions to bitcoin’s immutable ledger, called the blockchain. The blockchain is formed by digital blocks, where transactions are recorded. The act of mining is essentially using math to solve for a cryptographic hash, or an unique signature if you will, to identify new blocks.
The general mining process requires massive processing power and incurs hefty electricity costs. But in return for the individual, or the miner, for performing this work, he or she is rewarded with a number of bitcoins for each block they add onto the blockchain. Currently, in the case of Bitcoin, the reward for every block discovered is 12.5 bitcoins. At the current average trailing bitcoin price of approximately $6500, that’s $81,250 up for grabs every 10 minutes, or $11.7mn dollars a day.
Over the years, Bitmain has built out its revenue stream into several segments. The first and primary one is selling mining machines outfitted with Bitmain’s chips that are usually a few hundred to a few thousand dollars each. For example, currently, the latest Antminer S9 model is listed as $3319. Secondly, you can rent Bitmain’s mining machines to mine cryptocurrencies. Third, you can participate to mine bitcoin as part of Bitmain’s mining pool. A mining pool is a joint group of cryptocurrency miners who combine their computational resources over a network. Bitmain’s two mining pools, Bitmain’s AntPool and BTC.com, collectives control more than 38 percent of the world’s Bitcoin mining power per BTC.com at the moment.
[insert image of mining rigs/mining pool]
The story goes that back in 2011, when CEO Jihan learned about bitcoin and read Satoshi Nakamoto’s whitepaper on Bitcoin, he emptied his bank account to buy them. Back then, one bitcoin could be purchased for under a dollar. And by 2013, Jihan and Micree decided to build an ASIC chip specifically for bitcoin mining and founded Bitmain. Jihan was just 28 at the time.
The future of Bitmain is Closely Tied with the Crypto Market
Despite the rapid rise to success, Bitmain ultimately is dependent on the price of cryptocurrencies and overall crypto market fluctuations. When there is a bull crypto market, investors would be willing to give a different valuation multiple to the company than if it were a bear market. In a bear market, the margins are reduced for both the company as well as the customers, as the economics for one to mine cryptocurrrncies are no longer as compelling. For example, at the end of 2014, Mt. Gox, a famous Bitcoin exchange at the time, was hacked, spurring a crash in cryptocurrency prices.
Subsequently, Bitmain went through a bitcoin drought as Bitcoin prices hit low points, and the ASIC machines did not see much demand. It was not appealing to miners to pay for expensive electricity bills to mine a digital currency that was falling in value. But fast forward to now, we have gone through several bull and bear crypto market cycles. According to Frost & Sullivan, in 2017, Bitmain is estimated to have ~67% of the market share in bitcoin mining hardware, and generated 60% of computing power.
Caption: Canaan Creative IPO filing. Compay A is Bitmain
One of the fundamental challenges facing any cryptocurrency mining manufacturer such as Bitmain is that the valuation of the company is largely based off of the price of cryptocurrencies. The market in the first half of 2018 has shown that no one really knows when bitcoin prices and the cryptocurrency market will start picking up again Additionally, according to Frost & Sullivan, the ASIC-based blockchain hardware market, which is the market segment that includes Bitmain and Canaan, will see its compound annual growth rate (CAGR) slow to around 57.7% annually between 2017 to 2020, down from 247.6% between 2013 and 2017.
Nonetheless, it seems that Bitmain has planned well ahead to prepare for these macro risks and exposures. That is, the company has been invigorating its business with 3 things by 1) expand into mining new coins, and 2) expand into creating new chips besides just for the cryptocurrency, and 3) raise private funding.
First, with it’s existing mining rigs, Bitmain can essentially broaden into all SHA256-related coins. So coins such as Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, Litecoin, can all be mined on Bitmain’s equipments. The limitation here is largely how fast they can build up more mining equipments and mining centers. The company has broadened it’s geographic reach by developing new mining centers. Most recently, Bitmain revealed that it will build a $500 mn blockchain data center and mining facility in Texas as part of its expansion into the U.S. market, aiming for operations to begin by early 2019.
Secondly, Bitmain is also looking to launch their own AI chips by the end of 2018. Interestingly, the AI chips are called Sophons, originated from the key alien technology in the famous trilogy, the Three Body Problem, by Liu Cixin. If things go planned, Bitmain’s Sophon units could be training neural networks in data centers around the world. Jihan once said that in 5 years, 40% of revenues could come from AI chips.
Lastly, Bitmain has been equipping itself with cash. Lots of it, from a number of the top and largest investors in Asia. 2 months ago, China Money Network reported that Bitmain raised a series-B round, led by Sequoia Capital China, DST, GIC, Coatue in a $400mn raise, putting the company at a value of $12bn back then. Just last week, Chinese tech conglomerate Tencent and Japan’s Softbank, another tech giant whose 15% stake in Uber makes it the drive-hailing app’s largest shareholder, also joined the investor base.
For Bitmain, there are many reasons to stay private as a company, including avoiding to having to report its quarterly financials, dealing with market fluctuations and the ongoing volatility and uncertainty in the cryptocurrency world. However, the con is that early employees may not get liquidity in their stock options until much later.
Jihan Wu, Bitmai’s CEO, has said that a Bitmain IPO would be a “landmark” for both the company and the cryptocurrency space. However, with the current rich crypto private market financing, it’s not so bad of an idea to continue to raise private money and stay out of the public eye. Once Bitmain’s financials become more diversified and cryptocurrency becomes more widely adopted worldwide, the world may then be ready for this $10bn revenue blockchain company.